Characteristics of leaking amniotic fluid and what to watch out for

TIPSNESIA.COM- Amniotic fluid is a fluid that protects the fetus while in the womb. Not only protecting, amniotic fluid can also be a place for the fetus to move freely, as well as a place for developing organs in the fetus. Ideally, the amniotic fluid will leak when the time for delivery is getting closer, namely when the fetus is 37-40 weeks old.

However, amniotic fluid also sometimes seeps long before the time of delivery. Usually, the fluid comes out through the vagina, making it difficult for pregnant women to tell the difference. If allowed to seep prematurely, the amniotic fluid can cause health problems for the newborn.

In this article, Merries will provide information on what are the characteristics of the amniotic fluid leaking prematurely and its impact on mother and baby. Moms can see below!

Characteristics of amniotic fluid seeping prematurely

As Merries mentioned, if the amniotic fluid seeps out through the vagina, it is difficult to distinguish it from urine. This makes it difficult for pregnant women to determine whether the fetal amniotic fluid is leaking or not. There are at least four characteristics of amniotic fluid leaking prematurely, namely:

1. The liquid is clear and leaves a mark on clothes

Pay attention to the color of the fluid that comes out of the vagina, because it could be amniotic fluid. The amniotic fluid that leaks out has a color that tends to be clear, although in some cases the color is a bit yellowish.

The liquid does not have a distinctive odor, and has a slightly thick texture. When the amniotic fluid seeps, the fluid will leave marks on clothes in the form of white spots. In some cases, these patches usually have a slightly yellowish color, and leave a small amount of mucus or blood.

2. Feeling Something Break in the Uterus

Another characteristic of leaking amniotic fluid is the appearance of a feeling that something has broken, especially in the uterus. Apart from being a sign of leaking amniotic fluid, this symptom is also a sign of a problem with the membranes, whether it’s premature rupture of the membranes, infection, or problems with the fetus.

3. The presence of pressure in the lower abdomen

The last characteristic of leaking amniotic fluid is a feeling of pressure in the lower abdomen. This pressure will usually be accompanied by the release of amniotic fluid through the vagina.

4. Feeling the Need to Always Pee

If you always want to pee while you are still pregnant, you have to be a little wary. It could be a sign that the amniotic fluid is about to leak. This sign usually appears at the same time as the amniotic fluid, which Merries has mentioned.

If the condition is rather severe, the liquid will come out more often, even the color of the liquid will change from clear to greenish or brownish yellow. Immediately consult a doctor if this happens.

Causes of amniotic fluid seeping prematurely

Amniotic fluid that seeps before the time of delivery certainly does not just happen. There are various factors that cause it, namely:

  • An unhealthy lifestyle, such as smoking, consuming alcohol, and rarely exercising and eating healthy foods.
  • Have a history of cervical surgery.
  • Have a urinary tract infection or sexually transmitted infection.
  • Have a short cervix or uterus shape is not ideal.
  • Pregnant woman is carrying twins.
  • Have experience giving birth prematurely.
  • Have vaginal bleeding in the second and third trimesters.

Dangers of Amniotic Water Leaking Prematurely

Amniotic fluid that is allowed to seep before the time of delivery will harm you and the fetus in the womb. If the amniotic fluid leaks too much in the third trimester of pregnancy, it will be difficult for you to give birth to a fetus in the womb. The neck of the fetus will also be vulnerable to being pinched by the umbilical cord, thus making it lack of oxygen.

In addition, there are several other negative impacts of premature leakage of amniotic fluid, namely:

  • Miscarriage.
  • Babies born prematurely.
  • The baby will have congenital defects.
  • Infant death in the womb.

How to deal with amniotic fluid leaking prematurely

When you find out that the amniotic fluid leaks prematurely, don’t panic. Remain calm, then ask Dads or other family members to take Moms to the hospital.

While in the hospital, the doctor will give special drugs to treat these symptoms. These drugs are given if the gestational age is still far from the time of delivery, and the fetus does not need to be born prematurely.

The drugs are:

  • Antibiotics that function to prevent or treat infections due to leaking amniotic fluid.
  • Tocolytic that helps prevent premature birth.
  • Corticosteroids that help the fetus’ lungs grow properly.


Ideally, the amniotic fluid will seep when the womb has entered labor, which is 37-40 weeks. However, the amniotic fluid can sometimes leak prematurely. Don’t let that happen, because it can have a negative impact on Moms and the fetus in the womb.

Merries has mentioned the characteristics, causes, and how to deal with it. Hopefully it can help Moms to recognize the symptoms of leaking amniotic fluid and how to deal with them. That way, the fetus will remain safe in the womb, and can be born in a healthy state.

In order for you to avoid amniotic fluid seeping prematurely, you must always maintain a healthy lifestyle by diligently exercising and eating healthy foods. Avoid smoking, alcohol and drugs. Do regular check-ups with your doctor so you can know the development of the fetus as well as anticipate things that are not desirable.

Author - Tipsnesia

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